what is used for drilling in an open pit mine

Blog | Mine Dewatering

Mine dewatering techniques. Dewatering and groundwater control is an important part of many open pit and underground mines. Effective dewatering is a pre-requisite for safe and efficient mining. Poorly controlled groundwater will waste money, slow down mining and potentially cause adverse environmental impacts. However, techniques are available to successful control groundwater.

Open-Pit Mining Methods

Open-pit mining methods are applicable to mining ore deposits that apex at or near the surface. If the deposit apexes below the surface, the overburden and barren capping overlying the ore must be removed in advance of open-pit mining. The removal of this material is known as stripping. The stripping-pit limits must be extended beyond the limits of the ore pit to provide a bench, and the pit ...

Reading: Open-Pit Mining | Geology

Open-pit mining, or open-cast mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow.. This form of mining differs from extractive methods that require tunneling into the earth, such as long wall mining. Open-pit mines are used when deposits of commercially useful minerals or rocks are found near the surface; that is ...

Copper Mine Open Pit Blasting Explosion - YouTube

Mar 18, 2017· Open pit blasting at a copper mine in Nogorniy Kharabahk. Just a small playlist of blasts' from the copper mine that I work at.

A better way to presplit - Mining & Construction online

Presplit drilling is nothing new. It is widely used around the globe and generally accepted as the standard method of creating safe final pit slopes for open pit mining. At the same time, there are many mines that could take advantage of the huge savings that can be gained by optimizing this operation using modern presplitting technology.

Mining - Surface mining | Britannica

Mining - Mining - Surface mining: It has been estimated that more than two-thirds of the world's yearly mineral production is extracted by surface mining. There are several types of surface mining, but the three most common are open-pit mining, strip mining, and quarrying. These differ from one another in the mine geometries created, the techniques used, and the minerals produced.

Open Pit Mining Pros & Cons | Sciencing

Open pit mining -- or strip mining -- is an extraction process for ore or fossil fuels that takes place at the surface of a mining site. Worldwide, 40 percent of mining occurs at the surface, according to Greenpeace International. Compared with underground mining, surface mining is much more efficient.

Glossary of Mining Terms - SEC

Commonly used for drilling large-diameter blastholes in open-pit mines. Royalty - An amount of money paid at regular intervals by the lessee or operator of an exploration or mining property to the owner of the ground. Generally based on a certain amount per tonne or a percentage of the total production or profits.

OPEN-PIT MINING

Open cast Mineral Resources are quoted as in-situ tonnages and Mineral Reserves are tonnages falling within an economic pit-shell. The evaluation method is generally Ordinary Kriging with mining block sizes ranging from 10 x 10m to 100 x 100m to 250 x 250m in the plan view.The blocks vary in thickness from 2.5 to 50m.The Inverse Distance method ...

H BLASTING IN SURFACE EXCAVATION - Mining and Blasting

A new iron ore deposit is to be worked by surface mining methods with 15 m benches using 150 mm diameter blastholes. Since the prevailing condition is dry rock, it has been decided to use bulk ANFO with emulsion cartridges as primer. Assume that the overall density of compacted ANFO and the primer as 0.85 g/cm3 and the powder factor of 0.6 kg ...

Crown pillars - QueensMineDesignWiki

A surface crown pillar is used when an underground mine is constructed directly below surface, where no open pit mining has occurred as shown in Figure 1. Figure 1: Example of Surface Crown Pillar The primary purpose of a surface crown pillar is to protect the surface from subsidence, and the mine from any material inflows, such as water, soil ...

(PDF) Optimizing Presplit Blasting for Environmental ...

Presplit blasting is commonly practiced in open pit mines to create shear planes on in situ rock slope to ensure pit wall stability, and also protect nearby structures against blast damage.

Equipment Selection for Surface Mining: A Review

A surface mine contains pits with mineral endowed rock (or ore). We extract ore that lies within the upper layer of the earth, from surface mines (Fricke, 2006) . This ore can include metals such as iron, copper, coal and gold. There are several methods of surface mining, including open-pit, stripping, dredging and mountain-top removal.

types of machine used in open pit mining

Optimized design of drilling and blasting operations in. Drilling and blasting are the two most significant operations in open pit mines that play a crucial role in downstream stag While previous research has focused on optimizing these operations as two separate parts or merely in a specific parameter, this paper proposes a system dynamic model (SDM) for drilling and blasting operations as an ...

FINAL WALL STABILITY IN METAL OPEN PIT MINES USING ...

other parameters, have been developed since the early 1970s. Unlike the drilling and blasting mine plans, the pattern of a presplit blasting is usually dominated by the capabilities of the drilling rig used at open pit mines. As a general rule, large metal open pit mines tend to use rotary drilling rigs to drill …

Advantages and disadvantages of open pit mining ~ LORECENTRAL

Apr 02, 2018· What is open pit mining . Open pit mines are those mining operations that take place on the surface, unlike the underground mines. This is possible when the reservoir sprouts on the surface or at a very small depth. It began to be realized in the middle of the XVI century and it is used …

Blasting sequence at Goldcorp's Penasquito mine in ...

Aug 28, 2014· Copper Mine Open Pit Blasting Explosion - Duration: 2:58. bodmitri 60,096 views. ... Sequel Drill & Blast, Quarry, road cuttings and trenching using explosives - Duration: 4:19.

EPA clears path for proposed copper and gold mine near ...

Jul 30, 2019· A camp with test drilling equipment marks the site in southwest Alaska where Pebble Limited Partnership plans a giant open-pit copper and gold mine…

Grade Control | SpringerLink

Abstract. In some mining operations, one of the most important roles played by the geologist is the supervision of grade control. In an open-pit operation, this involves the sampling of blast-hole cuttings produced by down-the-hole hammer drills and the classification of bench reserves into ore, low grade or waste material, or into various metallurgical types.

How Stemming Works in Open Pit Blasting: Part 1 - YouTube

Mar 26, 2014· A short video describing the concept of stemming of bore holes in surface mining and how its works from the shock wave dynamics perspective.

Opencast Mining - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

The open pit exposes the orebody from the surface by separate removal of ore and associated waste rocks. It is the most economic option for a deposit up to that depth where the economic ratio of ore and waste can be sustained. There are many advantages to the open pit mining method, namely: 1.

Blast Hole Drilling: The Basic Process | RPM Drilling

Blasting Techniques and Methods Used Technique #1 – Open mine blasting. Open pit mining refers to mining minerals from, as the name suggests, an open pit; or may refer to any similar shallow mining operation. Open mine blasting plays a pivotal role in determining the needs of all other mining …

The Advantages of Open Pit Mining | Sciencing

Because an open pit mine is open to the air larger machinery can be used to operate the mine. This is a real advantage to mining companies who often use large trucks to carry debris away from the mine. According to Corporation the model 777 off road truck commonly use in open pit mines can carry a payload of 200,000 pounds.

Technology Data Sheet Mine Dewatering

Examples of mine dewatering techniques at an open pit mine Open Pit Dewatering Techniques In-pit pumping This is the simplest mine dewatering approach, with potentially the lowest capital costs. The method involves allowing groundwater to enter the pit, then directing it (via drains and ditches) to sumps, from where it is pumped away to the ...

Open Pit Mine Planning and Design, Third Edition ~ Mining ...

Open Pit Mine Planning and Design is an excellent textbook for courses in surface mine design, open pit design, geological and excavation engineering, and in advanced open pit mine planning and design. The principles described apply worldwide. In addition, the work can be used …

Copper Mining and Processing: Life Cycle of a Mine | Superfund

Surface mining, which includes strip mining, open-pit mining, and mountaintop removal, removes soil and rock from on top of the mineral deposit. It may begin as soon as the pre-development steps are complete. Underground mining uses shafts and tunnels to access deeply-buried mineral deposits, while the overlying rock is left in place.

Health Hazards of Mining and Quarrying

The principal airborne hazards in the mining industry include several types of particulates, naturally occurring gases, engine exhaust and some chemical vapours; the principal physical hazards are noise, segmental vibration, heat, changes in barometric pressure and ionizing radiation. These occur in varying combinations depending on the mine or quarry, its depth, the composition of the ore and ...

Surface Mining Methods and Equipment

Open pit and open cast methods employ a conventional mining cycle of operations to extract minerals: rock breakage is usually accomplished by drilling and blasting for consolidated materials and by ripping or direct removal by excavators for unconsolidated

Open-pit mining - Wikipedia

Mine dewatering techniques. Dewatering and groundwater control is an important part of many open pit and underground mines. Effective dewatering is a pre-requisite for safe and efficient mining. Poorly controlled groundwater will waste money, slow down mining and potentially cause adverse environmental impacts. However, techniques are available to successful control groundwater.